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Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), Open Access 12. Feb. 2020
Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), Open Access (12.02.2020)
Open Access ORAL MEDICINE, Online Article, Page 757-763, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a45079, PubMed:32895659
Online Article: Self-Perceived Oral Symptoms Associated with Nicotine Replacement Therapy
Manakil, Jane / Miliankos, Andrew / Gray, Megan / George, Roy
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the experience of specific oral and dental symptoms or side effects as reported by patients following the use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products.
Materials and Methods: The study involved paper-based confidential survey questionnaires accessible for a period of 8 months to patients attending the School of Dentistry Dental Clinic, Griffith University, Australia. This study recorded demography, smoking history, NRT use history, and specific oral and systemic symptoms. The data was assessed and grouped into three divisions: those with no history of NRT use, current and former users of NRT, and current users of NRT.
Results: Current users of NRT reported a statistically significantly higher incidence of all oral symptoms and increased incidence of systemic symptoms, as compared to those with no history of NRT use. There was no statistically significant difference between current and former users of NRT for almost all symptoms.
Conclusions: A correlative relationship has been observed between the use of NRT products and patients' reported oral symptoms. This study showed a statistically significantly higher incidence of oral symptoms in current and former NRT users. The reported oral side effects and compounding risk profiles show an imperative need for further research into nicotine replacement therapy products' impact on oral health status and treatment outcomes in dental patients using NRT.
Keywords: nicotine replacement products, nicotine replacement therapy, oral health symptoms, tobacco