Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), No. 1 12. Feb. 2020
Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), No. 1 (12.02.2020)
Open Access ORAL HEALTH, Page 27-33, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a44115, PubMed:32051968
Awareness of the Effect of Diabetes on Oral Health among a Population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Almehmadi, Ahmad H. / Alzaid, Ghada / Quqandi, Sarah / Almalki, Ghaidaa / Bannan, Abraar / AlHindi, Areej / Idrees, Abdulrahman / Habiballah, Anas / Al-Shareef, Khalid / Alhazzazi, Turki
Purpose: Diabetes is an ever-growing health issue in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It has several oral health implications and oral health in turn affects diabetes control. The primary objective of this research was to study the awareness of the effect of diabetes on oral health among the general population in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Materials and Methods: A closed-ended, validated questionnaire was distributed to 506 randomly selected shopping-mall-goers. Responses were coded and entered into spreadsheet (SPSS, IBM) and frequency distribution of the responses was calculated.
Results: The majority of the respondents were females (62.5%), non-diabetic (80.2%) and reported a positive family history of diabetes (87.9%). Most of them (63.4%) understood the importance of discussing one's diabetes status with the dentist as it affected the treatment plan, and also knew (84.4%) that diabetes affects oral health in some way. A majority also correctly responded to how diabetes affects oral health (66.3%) and to the sequelae of untreated gum disease (87.2%). The majority of the respondents had not received any tips or information regarding the connection between diabetes and oral health.
Conclusion: This study reported adequate knowledge of the sample with respect to diabetes-related oral health. An important finding of this study was that the majority of the study participants did not receive information leading to diabetes-related oral health awareness or knowledge from anyone, which implies that health professionals and health media do not play the requisite role in dissemination of this important aspect of public health.
Keywords: awareness, diabetes, knowledge, oral health