We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website. Furthermore we use Google Analytics to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage which creates Cookies too. You will find more information in our privacy policy.
OK, I agree I do not want Google Analytics-Cookies
Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry
Login:
username:

password:

Plattform:

Forgotten password?

Registration

Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), Open Access 1     12. Feb. 2020
Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), Open Access 1  (12.02.2020)

Open Access SYSTEMATIC REVIEW, Page 11-17, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a44114, PubMed:32051966


Association Between Periodontitis and Nosocomial Pneumonia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies
Jerônimo, Laura Silva / Abreu, Lucas Guimarães / Cunha, Fabiano Araújo / Esteves Lima, Rafael Paschoal
Purpose: To assess the relationship between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia in intensive care unit (ICU) patients.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and registered (CRD42018105124) with PROSPERO (International prospective register for systematic reviews, University of York, York, UK). A search was conducted in five databases without restrictions regarding language or date of publication. From 560 studies selected, 10 underwent full-text analysis. Five studies were eligible (five case-control studies), and all were entered in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis was performed with tests for sensitivity and statistical heterogeneity. Summary effect measures were calculated by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI).
Results: There was a significant association between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia in the meta-analysis (OR 2.55, 95% CI 1.68 to 3.86). In this meta-analysis, I2 = 0%.
Conclusions: The evidence demonstrates a positive association between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia. Individuals with periodontitis admitted to the ICU were more likely to present nosocomial pneumonia than individuals without periodontitis.

Keywords: meta-analysis, hospitalisation, inpatient care units, periodontitis, pneumonia, ventilator associated