Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), No. 3 8. June 2020
Oral Health Prev Dent 18 (2020), No. 3 (08.06.2020)
Open Access ORAL HEALTH, Online Article, Page 493-498, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a43367, PubMed:32515420
Online Article: Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Related to Oral Health Among Nursing Students in Davangere City: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Yavagal, Puja C / Dalvi, Tanushri M / Benson, Tanya / Lakshmi, Sree / Yann, Tammy Ho Wye / Gowda, Trijanya
Purpose: Nurses are the professional group who most often provide care. Studies have shown that oral healthcare is being neglected by general healthcare professionals, including nurses. With proper health-related behaviour, knowledge and attitude, they can play an important role in health education and act as a role model for patients. The aim of the study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practices related to oral health among nursing (Bsc) students in Davangere city, Karnataka, India.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 365 BSc Nursing students at their college premises in Davangere city. Data was collected using 25 items self-administered questionnaire which was validated. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Student's unpaired t tests were used considering p ≤0.05 as statistically significant.
Results: The mean knowledge scores of final and third year nursing students were significantly higher than the first and second year students (p = 0.01). The majority of the students felt the need for regular visits to dentist (72.6%) and felt that oral healthcare was an important part of nursing care (91.2%). They also felt the need to collaborate with dentists (78.1%). The majority of them brushed their teeth twice daily (74.2%) and had the habit of mouth rinsing (67.4%) and referred their patients to dentists (61.4%).
Conclusion: The knowledge related to oral health among nursing students was good. The majority believed that oral healthcare was an important part of nursing care, hence the training of nursing students pertaining to oral health education and upgrade of their academic curriculum should be prioritised.
Keywords: nurses, oral health, oral hygiene