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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry



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Oral Health Prev Dent 15 (2017), No. 3     7. July 2017
Oral Health Prev Dent 15 (2017), No. 3  (07.07.2017)

Page 259-268, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a38527, PubMed:28674706

The Effect of Treatment of Denture-related Stomatitis on Peripheral T Cells and Monocytes
Maciąg, Joanna / Mikołajczyk, Tomasz / Matusik, Paweł / Nowakowski, Daniel / Robertson, Douglas / Maciąg, Anna / Osmenda, Grzegorz / Cześnikiewicz-Guzik, Marta
Purpose: Systemic immune activation has been recently linked to chronic inflammatory disorders of the oral cavity, particularly to periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether treatment of a fungus-induced oral inflammation, namely denture-related stomatitis (DRS), can affect the activation of the systemic immune response.
Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood from patients with denture-related stomatitis caused by Candida albicans infection (n = 15) was collected at three time points: before treatment with nystatin, at the end of therapy and 2 months after finishing therapy. Activation of T cells and monocytes was assessed by flow cytometry.
Results: The percentages of peripheral lymphocytes, T cells and their subpopulations, as well as monocytes were similar before, immediately following and two months after nystatin treatment. Cells expressing early activation marker CD69 and RANTES C-C chemokine receptor type 5 significantly increased immediately after treatment and returned to baseline levels after two months. Th17 cells, which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of DRS, remained unchanged. Central memory CD4+ subset and intermediate subset of monocytes were lower after therapy and this effect was sustained for two months.
Conclusion: Treatment of denture-related stomatitis does not seem to affect the general state of the cellular components of the immune system. The results suggest a potential proinflammatory effect of the antifungal agent, nystatin. Although transient and not intense, this effect might be of particular clinical importance, because of relationships between inflammation and certain diseases. Further studies are required to clarify this aspect.

Keywords: Candida albicans, denture-related stomatitis, lymphocytes, monocytes, nystatin