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Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry



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Oral Health Prev Dent 15 (2017), No. 2     28. Apr. 2017
Oral Health Prev Dent 15 (2017), No. 2  (28.04.2017)

Page 177-182, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a37930, PubMed:28322362

Immunopathogenic Oral Diseases: An Overview Focusing on Pemphigus Vulgaris and Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid
Feller, Liviu / Ballyram, Raoul / Khammissa, Razia A. G. / Altini, Mario / Lemmer, Johan
Pemphigus vulgaris, mucosal pemphigoid (mucous membrane pemphigoid), lichen planus, discoid lupus erythematosus and erythema multiforme are a group of immune-mediated mucocutaneous disorders characterised clinically by the formation of blisters, erosions or ulcers. The oral mucosa is often affected, and sometimes the disease is limited to the mouth. The target antigens, autoreactive immune responses, microscopic features, treatment and prognosis vary from one disease to the other. Treatment aims to eliminate exogenous risk factors, suppress the pathogenic immuno-inflammatory reactions, promote healing and prevent infection.
The aim of this article is to provide the general dental practitioner with a succinct overview of the diagnostic, clinical, aetiopathogenic features and characteristics of, as well as treatment guidelines for oral pemphigus vulgaris and oral mucosal pemphigoid. Early diagnosis and treatment could prevent severe consequences of the disease in their full-blown forms.

Keywords: autoreactive antibodies, blisters, desmosomes, desquamative gingivitis, hemidesmosomes, immune-mediated mucocutaneous disorders, immunofluorescence