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Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry



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Oral Health Prev Dent 13 (2015), No. 6     6. Jan. 2016
Oral Health Prev Dent 13 (2015), No. 6  (06.01.2016)

Page 481-494, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a35005, PubMed:26525130

Economic Models of Preventive Dentistry for Australian Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Tonmukayakul, Utsana / Sia, Kah-Ling / Gold, Lisa / Hegde, Shalika / Silva, Andrea M. de / Moodie, Marj
Purpose: To identify economic evaluation models and parameters that could be replicated or adapted to construct a generic model to assess cost-effectiveness of and prioritise a wide range of community-based oral disease prevention programmes in an Australian context. Methods: The literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, ERIC, PsycINFO, CINHAL (EBSCOhost), EMBASE (Ovid), CRD, DARE, NHSEED, HTA, all databases in the Cochrane library, Scopus and ScienceDirect databases from their inception to November 2012.
Results: Thirty-three articles met the criteria for inclusion in this review (7 were Australian studies, 26 articles were international). Existing models focused primarily on dental caries. Periodontal disease, another common oral health problem, was lacking. Among caries prevention studies, there was an absence of clear evidence showing continuous benefits from primary through to permanent dentition and the long-term effects of oral health promotion.
Conclusion: No generic model was identified from previous studies that could be immediately adopted or adapted for our purposes of simulating and prioritising a diverse range of oral health interventions for Australian children and adolescents. Nevertheless, data sources specified in the existing Australian-based models will be useful for developing a generic model for such purposes.

Keywords: cost-effectiveness, decision analytical model, oral health promotion, preventive dentistry