We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website and to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage. You will find more information in our privacy policy. By continuing to use our website, you agree to this. Yes, I agree
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Login:
username:

password:

Plattform:

Forgotten password?

Registration

Oral Health Prev Dent 10 (2012), No. 4     13. Dec. 2012
Oral Health Prev Dent 10 (2012), No. 4  (13.12.2012)

Page 397-403, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a28911, PubMed:23301241


Salivary Calcium Concentration and Periodontal Health of Young Adults in Relation to Tobacco Smoking
Sutej, Ivana / Peros, Kristina / Benutic, Anica / Capak, Krunoslav / Basic, Kresimir / Rosin-Grget, Kata
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking and salivary calcium on the periodontal status of young adults.
Materials and Methods: Plaque index, gingival bleeding on probing, supragingival calculus, DMFT index, salivary flow, pH and salivary calcium in unstimulated salivary samples were recorded in smokers and nonsmokers.
Results: There were no significant differences between smokers and nonsmokers with respect to salivary flow (P = 0.08) and calcium level (P = 0.09). Significant correlations (P < 0.05) were found between a higher calcium level and higher probing depth (r = 0.60), higher number of teeth with probing depth of more than 4 mm (r = 0.70), greater clinical attachment level (r = 0.49) and lower number of teeth bleeding on probing (r = -0.50).
Conclusion: Moderate smoking of tobacco cigarettes in young healthy subjects may not have a significant impact on salivary flow or calcium concentrations in unstimulated saliva, but an association exists between an increased level of salivary calcium and development of periodontal disease.

Keywords: calcium, periodontal diseases, saliva, tobacco smoking, young adult
fulltext (no access granted) order article as PDF-file (20.00 €)