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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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Oral Health Prev Dent 8 (2010), No. 1     1. Apr. 2010
Oral Health Prev Dent 8 (2010), No. 1  (01.04.2010)

Page 15-22, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a18807, PubMed:20372670


Relation of Achievement Motives, Satisfaction with Life, Happiness and Oral Health in Romanian University Students
Dumitrescu, Alexandrina Lizica / Kawamura, Makoto / Dogaru, Beatrice Carmen / Dogaru, Cristian Dinu
Purpose: The objective of the present study was to investigate whether achievement motives, satisfaction with life and happiness are associated with oral health behaviour and perceived gingival status.
Methods: The present study sample consisted of 178 first-year medical students. The questionnaire included information about sociodemographic factors, behavioural variables, perceived oral health status, achievement motives (hope of success and fear of failure), satisfaction with life and subjective happiness scales.
Results: It was observed that individuals who presented higher values of satisfaction with life and happiness rated their gingival status as being very good/excellent and that individuals who presented higher values of hope of success reported to brush frequently. When the oral health behaviour was analysed, it was revealed that persons who brushed their teeth more than twice a day reported higher values of hope of success when compared with individuals who reported their toothbrushing frequency to be once a day or less. It was also revealed that persons who visited their clinician for check-ups reported higher values of subjective happiness. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that stress in everyday life and hope of success were positively associated with the toothbrushing frequency and that satisfaction with life was positively associated with the gingival health status.
Conclusions: Hope of success and satisfaction with life should be considered as predictors of good oral health behaviour/status.

Keywords: achievement motives, oral health, satisfaction with life, subjective happiness