Oral Health Prev Dent 12 (2014), No. 3 26. Sep. 2014
Oral Health Prev Dent 12 (2014), No. 3 (26.09.2014)
Page 241-248, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a31675, PubMed:24624401
Betel Nut Chewing Behaviour and Its Association with Oral Mucosal Lesions and Conditions in Ghaziabad, India
Prasad, Sumanth / Anand, Richa / Dhingra, Chandan
Purpose: To assess the practices and behaviour among Betel nut users in Ghaziabad and to detect the clinically associated oral mucosal lesions and conditions.
Materials and Methods: A community-based survey was conducted in Ghaziabad among 332 betel nut users. Data on betel nut use was obtained through a self-administered questionnaire. Oral mucosal lesions and conditions were recorded using WHO criteria.
Results: Out of 332 betel nut users, 32.8% consumed Gutkha. 62.3% users used betel nut with tobacco. Most of the study population started chewing betel nut because of peer pressure and the habit started at the workplace or school. A majority found that there was no physical discomfort due to the habit. The significant oral diseases detected were oral leukoplakia in 11.7% and oral submucous fibrosis in 6.1% of individuals.
Conclusion: The findings of the present study revealed that 74.7% of the participants were current chewers. 30.4% of all participants had oral mucosal lesions and conditions.
Keywords: betel nut, behaviour, oral mucosal lesion and conditions, practices